Yellow-Shouldered Amazon Parrot
Scientific Name: The scientific name of the Yellow-shouldered Amazon is Amazona barbadensis.
Physical Characteristics: The Yellow-shouldered Amazon is predominantly green and measures approximately 33 cm in length (about 13 inches). It has a whitish forehead and lores, with a yellow crown, ocular region, and often, ear coverts and chin. The bare eye-ring is white. The thighs and the bend of the wing, also known as the "shoulder," are yellow, although they can be challenging to observe. The throat, cheeks, and belly often have a bluish hue. Similar to other Amazona species, it displays broad dark blue tips on the remiges and a red wing-speculum.
Habitat: The Yellow-shouldered Amazon inhabits arid regions in northern Venezuela, the Venezuelan islands of Margarita and La Blanquilla, and the island of Bonaire (Caribbean Netherlands). It has become extinct in Aruba and has been introduced to Curaçao. Unlike other members of the Amazona genus, it is typically found in dry habitats such as desert scrub and dry forests.
Behavior: The Yellow-shouldered Amazon is highly social and often forms large communal roosts in tall trees, with groups consisting of up to 700 individuals. It primarily feeds on fruits, seeds, and flowers, with a preference for cactus plants. This parrot has the ability to survive with minimal water intake, as it obtains a significant amount of moisture from its diet. The Yellow-shouldered Amazon typically nests in tree holes, cliffs, or cacti, and lays 2-5 eggs.
Lifespan: The exact lifespan of the Yellow-shouldered Amazon is not well documented, but it is estimated to be around 40 years in captivity. In the wild, this species may face threats such as habitat loss, poaching, and predation. As a result, the Yellow-shouldered Amazon is categorized as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.